Atlas of Stem Anatomy in Herbs, Shrubs and Trees: Volume 1 by Fritz H. Schweingruber;Annett

By Fritz H. Schweingruber;Annett B?de?ed??ede??d???rner;Ernst-Detlef Schulze

This paintings, released in volumes, includes descriptions of the wooden and bark anatomies of 3000 dicotyledonous vegetation of a hundred and twenty households, highlighting the anatomical and phylogenetic range of dicotyledonous vegetation of the Northern Hemisphere. The first volume largely treats households of the Early Angiosperms, Eudicots, center Eudicots and Rosids, whereas the second one concentrates at the Asterids.

Presented in Volume 1 are microsections of the xylem and phloem of herbs, shrubs and bushes of 1200 species and eighty five households of assorted lifestyles different types of the temperate region alongside altitudinal gradients from the lowland on the Mediterranean coast to the alpine sector in Western Europe. the worldwide point of view of the findings is underlined through the research of 500 species from the Caucasus, the Rocky Mountains and Andes, the subtropical sector at the Canary Islands, the arid zones within the Sahara, in Eurasia, Arabia and Southwest North the USA, and the boreal and arctic zones in Eurasia and Canada.

The presence of annual earrings in all lifestyles varieties demonstrates that herbs and dwarf shrubs are a superb software for the reconstruction of annual biomass creation and the interannual dynamic of plant institutions. the typical precept of the anatomical expression of secondary progress is a key consider knowing evolution and variation procedures in all lifestyles types, from the two cm tall whitlow grass (Draba arctica) within the arctic to the forty m tall beech (Fagus sylvatica) in critical eu controlled forests. The examine opens tremendous fields of analysis for dendrochronology, wooden anatomy, taxonomy and ecology.

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Extra resources for Atlas of Stem Anatomy in Herbs, Shrubs and Trees: Volume 1

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Ecological trends and relations to life forms Since all species analyzed grow in dry regions an ecological grouping could not be recognized. Discussion in relation to previous studies Carlquist 2007 analyzed much material and studied in detail the ontogeny of successive cambia of 11 perennial species of 11 genera representing a wide range of growth forms. The present study does not include the whole range of anatomical structures. Not represented are species with vascular strands (Stayleria neilii) or species with scalariform inter-vessel pits.

Many authors have studied the mechanism of xylem formation (Heklau 1992). Artschwager (1929) concentrated on the annual herbaceous Chenopodium album, Esau (1977) on Beta vulgaris, Heklau (1992) on 6 herbaceous Atriplex and Chenopodium species. Miskell (1979) studied very carefully the formation of the xylem and phloem of woody species of Amaranthaceae. Carlquist (2001) summarized the results of several studies. The wood anatomy of Amaranthaceae has been systematically studied by Pfeiffer (1926), Chalk and Chattaway (1937), Metcalfe and Chalk (1957), Butnik (1983), Fahn et al.

Fenzl. Amaranthus blithum L. Amaranthus cruentus L. Amaranthus deflexus L. Amaranthus hybridus L. Amaranthus lividus L. Amaranthus retroflexus L. Amaranthus standleyanus Covas Amaranthus viridis L. A. ) Moq. ) Ung. Arthrocneumum macrostachya Moris et Delponte Arthrocneumum perenne (Mill) Moss. Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt. Atriplex dimorphostegia Kareilin & Kiriloff Atriplex glauca Maire Atriplex halimus L. Atriplex patula L. Atriplex portulacoides L. Atriplex prostrata DC Atriplex saggitata Bork.

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