By C Warren Hollister
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I. 154-5; cf. D. 1001. 6Fl. Wig. i. D. 1003. 7Fl. Wig. ii. 2. ooks/Hollister. 2009 22:46:02 page_29 < previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 of the sergeanty tenures of post-Conquest times, in which military sergeants are required to serve or to lead the local infantry only within a particular shire. 1 The distinction between these two types of fyrd service is also illustrated by the fyrdwite, which is usually assessed at one of two figures: 40s. 2 From the context in which these two figures appear, one gets the impression that the 40s.
The figure of 100s. g. ibid. i. 154b. 3 Ibid. i. 238. 4 Ibid. i. 154. ooks/Hollister. 2009 22:45:58 page_23 < previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 alternative, a commutation of personal service at the same low rate of 20s. per warrior which we observed at Warwick. The town of Malmesbury rendered the service of a five-hide estate and as such owed either one warrior or 20s. 1 Here again, the commutation rate was 20s. per warrior, and the language of this Domesday entry suggests that the Malmesbury obligation may have been a common one, for Malmesbury served as an honour of five hides, and the five-hide unit, as we shall see, was the general and fundamental unit of military assessment throughout much of England.
3 It is natural that the king should want men familiar with border conditions to lead his army into Scotland or Wales and to protect it from surprise attacks as it withdrew, and this seems to have been the special duty of English landholders along the Scottish and Welsh frontiers. 1Bk. of Fees, i. 199, 351. 2 J. , Cumb. i. 313. B. i. 179. By the thirteenth century the Archenfield obligation has become tenurialized at the rate of forty-nine or fifty men who served for fifteen days annually on Welsh campaigns.