Against Their Will: The History and Geography of Forced by Pavel Polian

By Pavel Polian

In the course of his reign over the previous Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin oversaw the pressured resettlement of six million humans – a maniacal ardour that he used for social engineering. The Soviets weren't the 1st to thrust resettlement on its inhabitants – an incredible attribute of totalitarian platforms – yet by way of sheer numbers, applied sciences used to deport humans and the lawlessness which followed it, Stalin’s procedure was once the main awesome. Six million humans of alternative social, ethnic, and professions have been resettled earlier than Stalin’s demise. Even at the present time, the aftermath of such deportations mostly predetermines occasions which occur within the northern Caucasus, Crimea, the Baltic republics, Moldavia, and western Ukraine.

Polian’s quantity is the 1st try and comprehensively research the background of compelled and semi-voluntary inhabitants activities inside or geared up through the Soviet Union. Contents diversity from the early Nineteen Twenties to the rehabilitation of repressed nationalities within the Nineteen Nineties, facing inner (kulaks, ethnic and political deportations) and overseas compelled migrations (German internees and occupied territories).

An abundance of evidence, figures, tables, maps, and an exhaustively-detailed annex will function very important assets for additional researches.

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Additional resources for Against Their Will: The History and Geography of Forced Migrations in the USSR

Example text

After over 400 thousand Jews (some 3/4 of Germany’s Jewish population) had left the country, Hitler placed his stake on the “deportation” principle. Total deportation, along with the establishment of a ghetto system and death camps, was the most important constituent of the Nazi’s planned “Final Solution” of the Jewish question, which was shaped at the fateful conference in Wannsee on 20 January 1942. 56 As the territorial expansion of the Reich was underway in 1938–1939, increasing numbers of Jews were becoming subject to German anti-Jewish legislation.

Most sincere gratitude and appreciation are addressed to all these people. NOTES 1 From the Latin deportatio: exile, banishment. The Russian calque deportatsiya has the English meaning of forcible expulsion of one or many individuals from a city or territory. ) and those to whom such measures are applied: ssylny, vyslany and so on. 2 This paradoxical formulation is common in the old Soviet bloc, applying to relatively innocent activities like subbotniki (“voluntary” work days by the free population), and to the most brutal forms of repressive measure.

The majority of expelled Jews headed for Warsaw, where their number climbed to 80 thousand, but subsequently they were banned from entering large cities. However, as noted by S. ” Due to the rapid advance of the German army, the Russian military authorities issued orders for the immediate deportation 26 AGAINST THEIR WILL of all local Jews from Kurland Gub. , on 30 April 1915 and on 3 May 1915 respectively. The total number of Jews expelled then from Kurland Gub. was around 40 thousand26; and 150–160 thousand were deported from Kovno Gub.

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