By E. P. Cunningham
Europe confronted a massive concern over the BSE phenomenon. as well as affecting farm animals breeders and pork manufacturers, the BSE main issue concerned many different sectors of society. those contain the linked actions of animal health and wellbeing, meat processing, the leather-based undefined, the wholesale and retail sale of red meat, nationwide and foreign exchange, flow keep an eye on of cattle and, final yet now not least, the perceived new probability to human well-being by means of CJD with all its complicated interactions among technological know-how, drugs, politics and laws. This drawback additionally had different results akin to declining public self assurance in technological know-how, a scarcity of belief in authentic and no more respectable supervision of matters affecting human health and wellbeing, damaged farm companies and a growing to be expense to governments and to the european. EAAP ready a complete record on BSE which drew upon the deep strengths of the organization within the farm animals area in all its elements. the purpose of the document used to be to not shield the sectional pursuits of animal construction, really to enlighten all sectors of society who've to make judgements in this tricky subject and to make arrangements for different emergencies sooner or later. for that reason the composition of the gang tested by means of EAAP to supply the document integrated, in addition to cattle scientists, distinctive specialists from different sectors akin to purchaser issues, exchange, economics and future health. the result is an target and forward-looking record that seeks to supply new views and a few ideas for the longer term, dependent upon an entire realizing of the previous. The record isn't meant to record the motives of BSE or to gainsay the clinical details already released by way of well-known and authoritative our bodies facing animal overall healthiness concerns. It proposes a view of the desires of the cattle region of tommorow: animal future health tracking; animal items threat review and higher animal agriculture administration; foodstuff safeguard; consumer's understanding of nutrients caliber; specialist ethics within the farm animals quarter; and animal welfare
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20 EAAP Series no. 108 which has had a marked impact on meat and dairy sales, and on preferences in the meat market. Another is the impact of recurrent crises such as BSE, salmonella, E. coli and dioxin on consumer confidence. One consequence has been an increasing demand for food labelled as “organic”. Organic foods account for 1-2% of retail sales in both the EU and US. 9). 2 kg/head). Of particular concern to European livestock producers has been the shift in consumer demand between the four main meats.
Trends in mineral N and P fertiliser consumption in 16 European countries (Source: International Fertiliser Industry Association 2000) Haan et al. 1997). 11b). 11c. g. g. west UK, Denmark, northern Germany) have low (10-20 kg/ha) to moderate (20-40 kg/ha) overloads. Local surveys in the Netherlands have shown that a total area of 270,000 ha in the sandy areas of the central, eastern and southern regions are phosphate saturated due to intensive application of livestock wastes (Hooda et al. 2000).
Within this context, the greatest challenge faced by the European livestock sector is the long-term adaptation to competition from lower cost producers in other countries. In the short term, this competition comes mainly from the US and other developed economies with large land resources. Increasingly, there is also competition from developing economies such as Thailand and Brazil. In the future, there is likely to be an increase in competition from eastern Europe as the structural inefficiencies in Russian and Ukrainian agriculture are resolved.