By Jennifer Clark
This is often an enticing research of the tales of racial awakening in Australia that marked the arriving of the 'wind of change'. via rigorous examine, the writer exhibits how supporters of Indigenous Australians and their struggles for equality driven Australia into the 60s - actually and figuratively. The ebook additionally places the Australian event of the 60s into a world viewpoint, portrayed as detailed yet now not in isolation. learn more... summary: this can be a fascinating research of the tales of racial awakening in Australia that marked the arriving of the 'wind of change'. via rigorous examine, the writer indicates how supporters of Indigenous Australians and their struggles for equality driven Australia into the 60s - actually and figuratively. The ebook additionally places the Australian adventure of the 60s into a global point of view, portrayed as distinct yet now not in isolation
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Additional info for Aborigines & activism : race & the coming of the sixties to Australia
It was destined to reappear at the next Prime Ministers’ Conference in 1961. A referendum held on 5 October 1960 narrowly gave Verwoerd power to legislate for a republic to be proclaimed on 31 May 1961. Although Verwoerd had long been a fervent republican, perhaps there was an added urgency in the referendum after Macmillan’s speech only eight months before—a speech that had Verwoerd seething. As a result of the referendum, South Africa’s status within the Commonwealth was changed to require re-application for membership.
He feared that if Australia condemned South Africa then, in turn, Australia would be open to international scrutiny and judgement. He intended to take all necessary measures to avoid that. On Tuesday 29 March 1960, Liberal Member of the House of Representatives (MHR) Fred Chaney, asked Menzies to speak on the South African situation. Menzies regretted the loss of life, welcomed an oﬃcial South African enquiry that he believed would present an ‘authoritative account of the facts’, and then went on to raise what for him was the most important issue.
It was far more diﬃcult, however, for western, and predominantly white, nations to respond appropriately. The astute of Europe had already identiﬁed economic and diplomatic opportunities in the new African nations, despite the strong and often long-established economic and racial ties with the old white minorities. At the same time, while South Africa remained staunchly anti-communist it seemed impossible to criticise apartheid without jeopardising a highly desirable Cold War alliance. What proved more vexing was whether the international community should oﬃcially condemn South Africa.