By H. T. Dickinson
This authoritative spouse introduces readers to the advancements that bring about Britain changing into an outstanding international energy, the top ecu imperial country, and, while, the main economically and socially complex, politically liberal and religiously tolerant country in Europe.
- Covers political, social, cultural, monetary and non secular background. Written via a world crew of specialists.
- Examines Britain's place from the point of view of different eu nations.
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Additional info for A Companion to Eighteenth-Century Britain
The Toleration Act of 1689 formally allowed Protestant Dissenters to worship freely outside the Church of England and gradually Roman Catholics were allowed similar rights in practice. The Act of Union with Scotland in 1707 brought a largely Presbyterian country into the state and recognized the existence of a different state church in the northern kingdom, the Presbyterian Church of Scotland. It was therefore legally possible for many British subjects to choose to attend the services of other denominations than those of the Church of England.
The Test and Corporation Acts of the later seventeenth century, which laid down that only those who conformed to the Church of England could hold ofﬁce under the crown or serve in town corporations, remained on the statute books until 1828. Repeated attempts to repeal them failed, though regular indemnity acts after 1727 did enable Protestant Dissenters to evade the restrictions of the Corporation Act. the british constitution 17 The twenty-six bishops in the Lords were expected to place their votes and their voices at the disposal of the government and generally did so unless they thought the remaining privileges of the Church of England were in danger.
As we shall see, this task was greatly eased by the extent of crown patronage. Indeed, it was crown patronage rather than the royal prerogative that allowed the monarch to establish and maintain the executive’s powerful inﬂuence in parliament. The management of parliament There was no separation of powers in the British constitution. The leading members of the government (and even some ofﬁceholders whom we might today regard as civil servants) sat in parliament in order to promote the passage of government business through the legislature.