A Campaign of Quiet Persuasion: How the College Board by Jan Bates Wheeler

By Jan Bates Wheeler

In 1960, the school front exam Board grew to become an unforeseen player within the move to desegregate schooling within the South. operating with its companion, academic trying out prone, the varsity Board quietly built-in its Scholastic flair try out (SAT) facilities during the Deep South. touring from kingdom to country, taking one tuition district or even one university at a time, university Board employees individuals, either local southerners, waged a crusade of quiet persuasion and succeeded, developing a roster of desegregated try out facilities inside segregated university districts whereas the historical conflict for civil rights raged round them. within the context of the bigger fight for equivalent possibilities for southern black scholars, their paintings addressed a small yet serious barrier to raised education.

Shedding mild in this striking tale for the 1st time, Jan Bates Wheeler tells how the school Board employees participants Ben Cameron and Ben Gibson succeeded. Their candid and thoughtfully written files of conversations and confrontations, untouched for almost fifty years, display the patience required to arrive a aim many idea unachievable or even foolhardy. certainly, their job positioned them within the strange place of advocating for faculty desegregation on a daily foundation as a part of their jobs. This situated Cameron and Gibson squarely towards winning legislation, customs, and attitudes an ill-advised stance for any nascent enterprise enterprise, fairly one experiencing festival from a brand new, rival checking out association speculated to accommodate overtly those self same legislation, customs, and attitudes.

Cameron and Gibson additionally accredited the non-public possibility curious about confrontations with racist tuition officers. The officers who cooperated with the pair assumed even higher possibility, and so as to reduce that possibility, Cameron and Gibson pledged to not publicize their efforts. Even years after their paintings had ended, the 2 males refused to jot down approximately their crusade for worry of compromising the folk who had helped them. Their matters, in line with Wheeler, saved this striking tale mostly untold beforehand.

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Additional resources for A Campaign of Quiet Persuasion: How the College Board Desegregated SAT Test Centers in the Deep South, 1960-1965

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Wolfram then suggested to Wilson that Hill bring his lunch, as many candidates did, but she rejected this idea, stating that Hill lived in a dormitory and lacked facilities to make his own lunch. Wolfram then asked Wilson if she had any suggestions, but she had none and ended the conversation with the statement that she would try to help Hill work something out. Wolfram told her to call him if he could help. 77 In a departure from ETS style and his own usual professional behavior, Wolfram exposed his frustration with Wilson and the situation by including an “editorial” section at the conclusion of his formal, and otherwise civil, report.

O. Powell, one of the three blacks, explained that all candidates, black and white, waited together pleasantly enough for a few minutes prior to the arrival of the test supervisor. When the supervisor, Tandy McElwee, arrived, however, he told the three black candidates that they would have to move to another room. McElwee’s stated reason was his fear that one or more of the white candidates might resent the presence of blacks, and he wanted each candidate to do his best on the exam. Powell asked McElwee if he was acting in compliance with a law requiring the segregation of candidates.

Integration there had been “hastened” due to the fact that the administrators of a national testing program for nursing students had threatened to remove their center from Florida State and o≠er the test only at a nearby black institution, compelling white stu- A Precedent: Desegregating the LSAT Test Centers, 1960–1962 29 dents to take the test there. The University of Miami center truly was desegregated, by both room and seating arrangement. ” The observer who reported on South Texas College’s center stated: “Mr.

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